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Vitamina D en lupus eritematoso sistémico con y sin nefritis lúpica / Vitamin D in systemic lupus erythematosus with and without lupus nephritis

Mario García-Carrasco, Claudia Mendoza-Pinto, Raquel Pamela Soto-Santillán, Socorro Méndez-Martínez, Ivonne Benítez-Contreras, Ivet Etchegaray-Morales, Carlos González-Parra, José Luis Gándara-Ramírez, Alejandro Ruiz-Argüelles



Introducción: Las concentraciones séricas subóptimas de vitamina D se presentan en múltiples enfermedades crónicas, como las enfermedades autoinmunitarias. Los objetivos del estudio fueron: 1) comparar las concentraciones séricas de 25-hidroxivitamina D (25OHD3) en pacientes con lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES) con y sin nefritis lúpica (NL), y 2) evaluar la asociación de las concentraciones séricas de 25OHD3 con la actividad de la enfermedad.

Material y métodos: Estudio comparativo, transversal, que incluyó 48 mujeres con LES, con y sin NL. Se excluyeron aquellas con enfermedad renal crónica en estadio IV, cáncer, hiperparatiroidismo, embarazo o lactancia. La actividad fue evaluada con el instrumento SLEDAI-2K. La concentración sérica de 25OHD3 se determinó mediante inmunoanálisis quimioluminiscente.

Resultados: La media de edad de las pacientes con y sin NL fue de 36.3 ± 8.6 años y 42.7 ± 7.6 años, respectivamente. Se observó una elevada prevalencia de valores subóptimos de 25OHD3 en todas las pacientes (93%). Las concentraciones séricas de 25OHD3 fueron diferentes entre pacientes con y sin NL: 21.5 ± 6.8 ng/ml frente a 19.2 ± 7.1 ng/ml (p = 0.362). No se encontró correlación entre la concentración sérica de 25OHD3 y la actividad de la enfermedad (r = −045, p = 0.761).

Conclusiones: En pacientes con LES, las concentraciones séricas de 25OHD3 fueran diferentes entre pacientes con y sin NL; sin embargo, esta diferencia no fue significativa. Además, no se encontró correlación entre las concentraciones séricas de 25OHD3 y la actividad de la enfermedad evaluada por SLEDAI-2K.



Background: Sub-optimal serum vitamin D levels occur in multiple chronic diseases such as autoimmune diseases. The objectives of this study were: 1) compare the serum concentration of 25-hidroxivitamin D (25OHD3) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with and without lupus nephritis (LN), and 2) evaluate the association of serum concentration of 25OHD3 with the activity of the disease.

Material and methods: A comparative, cross-sectional study was conducted, including 48 women with SLE, with and without clinical diagnosis of LN, according to the score of renal activity evaluated by SLEDAI-2K. Patients with stage IV chronic kidney disease, cancer, hyperparathyroidism, pregnancy and lactation were excluded. The activity was evaluated by the SLEDAI-2K instrument. The serum concentration of 25OHD3 was assessed by chemiluminescent immunoassay.

Results: The mean age of patients with and without LN was 36.3 ± 8.6 and 42.7 ± 7.6 years, respectively. High prevalence of suboptimal 25OHD3 levels was observed (93%). 25OHD3 concentrations were different between patients with and without LN, 21.5 ± 6.8 ng/mL vs. 19.2 ± 7.1 ng/mL (p = 0.362). No correlation was found between serum 25OHD3 concentration (r = −045, p = 0.761).

Conclusions: There were no differences found in serum concentrations of 25OHD3 in patients with or without NL. Moreover, no correlation was found between serum 25OHD3 levels and the activity of the disease evaluated by SLEDAI-2K

Palabras clave

Lupus Eritematoso Sistémico; Vitamina D; Nefritis Lúpica / Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic; Vitamin D; Lupus Nephritis

Texto completo:



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