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Intervenciones clínicas en obesidad osteosarcopénica: alimentación, actividad física y psicológica

Ana Isabel García-González, Zoraida Axtle-Serrano, Miriam López-Teros, Claudia Szlejf, Adrián Martínez-Ruiz, Oscar Rosas-Carrasco


La obesidad osteosarcopénica (OOS) es una condición que representa diversos desenlaces adversos en el adulto mayor. Al ser una condición que incluye tres tejidos (obesidad, sarcopenia y osteopenia/osteoporosis), se requiere de intervenciones clínicas simultáneas y multidisciplinarias para lograr revertirla. Hasta el momento, han sido publicados artículos de revisión enfocados solo a la nutrición y a la actividad física. Sin embargo, consideramos que es necesario reunir la evidencia del nivel nutricional (en cuanto a micro- y macronutrientes), de la actividad física habitual o personalizada, de los potenciales tratamientos farmacológicos para la sarcopenia, del actual tratamiento farmacológico para la osteopenia/osteoporosis y, por último, en torno a las posibles intervenciones psicológicas enfocadas a tratar la comorbilidad psiquiátrica (ansiedad o depresión) y directamente hacia la mejora de la composición corporal en adultos mayores.

Palabras clave

Ejercicio Físico; Sarcopenia; Obesidad; Anciano Frágil

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