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COVID-19, implicaciones para el recién nacido. Revisión de la literatura

Alejandra Sánchez-Cruz, Eunice López-Muñoz, Leovigildo Mateos-Sánchez

Resumen


La COVID-19 es una enfermedad infecciosa causada por el coronavirus  SARS-CoV-2, desconocido hasta diciembre de 2019, cuando se reportó el  brote de neumonías virales en Wuhan, China. Dado que diferentes grupos  de edad son susceptibles a la infección, incluyendo los recién nacidos,  el objetivo de este artículo es revisar la literatura científica disponible en la base de datos PubMed en idioma inglés hasta el 21 de abril de 2020, sobre los aspectos epidemiológicos y clínicos  en  recién  nacidos con sospecha o confirmación de infección por SARS-CoV-2, así  como las recomendaciones para su manejo. En general, los síntomas en los recién nacidos son  más  leves (incluso pueden ser asintomáticos) y en comparación con los adultos, el pronóstico más favorable. Sin embargo, se requieren precauciones especiales para reducir el potencial de transmisión madre-hijo y reducir la posibilidad de complicaciones en los neonatos sintomáticos.


Palabras clave


Infecciones por coronavirus; Recién nacido; Neonatología; Diagnóstico; COVID-19

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Referencias


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